Recognized for Being Inscribed by UNESCO
historical village Following the visit of UNESCO experts from the historical
village of Abyaneh, located between Qom and Isfahan, this village has
been recognized appropriate for being inscribed in World Heritage List.
Tehran, 17 June 2007 (CHN Foreign Desk)According to the report
released following the visit of UNESCO representatives and experts of
world heritage from Abyaneh village, this historical village has been
recognized appropriate for being registered in list of UNESCOs
World Heritage sites. Enjoying more than 4 conditions for being registered,
Abyaneh historical village has the potential for being inscribed as
world heritage site.
UNESCO was invited by Ms. Azimeh Riyahee Dehkordi, director of Abyaneh
director of Cultural Heritage and Tourism Base of Abyaneh, to undertake
a mission to Abyaneh village. The mission traveled to Abyaneh, Isfahan
province on 29 January 2007, to visit the Irans Cultural Heritage,
Handicrafts, and Tourism Organization (ICHHTO) Abyaneh base, examine
their activities and provide advice on the possible nomination of Abyaneh
for inscription on the World Heritage list.
The historical village of Abyaneh was visited by Junko Taniguchi,
programme specialist for culture, in UNESCO Tehran Cluster Office and
Dr. Farzin Fardanesh, UNESCOs Consultant, and they have submitted
a report in this regard. In this report it has been announced that this
village has the special characteristics for being registered in UNESCO
World Heritage List, said Azimeh Riyahee to CHN.
The UNESCO mission expressed its gratitude for the warm hospitality
and cooperation extended to the mission by Khaneh Mardom-e Abyaneh,
the steering committee of Abyaneh traditional ceremony hall, and the
staff of Abyaneh Base in particular the director of this base.
of Parthian Fortress behind Gelabar Dam
Dam, Zanjan province Archeological excavations behind Gelabar Dam, in
Iranian Zanjan Province, revealed that the existing fortress which was
supposed to date back to Islamic period belongs to Parthian dynastic
Tehran, 9 June 2007 (CHN Foreign Desk)Archeological excavations
behind Gelabar Dam in Zanjan province, northwest of Tehran, brought
into light that contrary to previous belief the fortress located behind
the dam dates back to Parthian dynastic era (248 BC- 224 AD). This is
while prior to this it was believed that the fortress belongs to Islamic
period (651 AD afterwards).
Abolfazl Aali, head of archeology team behind Gelabar Dam told CHN:
Prior to this, based on earthenware vessels which were gathered
from the surface layer of the fortress, it looked as if the fortress
dates back to the Islamic period. However, further excavations and discovery
of Parthian earthenware dishes and evidence of architectural remains
belonging to this period, revealed that this fortress must have been
constructed during Parthian dynastic era.
By inundation of Gelabar Dam, the Parthian fortress located behind the
dam, only a small part of the fortress will remain like an island amidst
the reservoir of the dam.
At the same time, another two sites, one belongs to Copper and
Stone Ages and the other to Parthian era and Iron Age are also under
archeological excavations, added Aali.
Head of excavation team behind Gelabar Dam further explained that the
site which belongs to Copper and Stone Ages is a mono periodic residential
settlement which will be submerged completely by inundation of Gelabar
Dam. A similar fate is in store for the Parthian and Iron Age
discovered residential settlements as well, added Aali.
Archeological excavations will continue until next month behind Gelabar
Dam, which its inundation has already started.
Burial Rites were Discovered behind Gelabar Dam
Years Burial Rites were Discovered behind Gelabar Dam Archeological
excavations behind Gelabar Dam in Zanjan province led into the discovery
of burial rites belonging to 6000-year ago and the first millennium
Tehran, 23 June 2007 (CHN Foreign Desk) Following the discovery
of burial rites belong to 3000 to 6000 years ago in a cemetery behind
Gelabar Dam, in Zanjan province, north west of Iran, archeological excavations
in this site came into new stage. In all the 4 graves which have been
discovered in this site earthen vessels in red or grey which are typical
of this age have been found intact.
Following the archeological excavations in this prehistoric site,
and after removing architectural layers, 4 burials belonging to 6000-year
ago were discovered. It is believed that probably all skeleton found
in these graves belong to children, told CHN, Abulfazl Ali, head
of archeological team working behind Gelabar Dam.
According to him based on traditions of people living in prehistoric
period these burials have been done without putting any gifts in the
graves and children were buried in the floor of the houses.
A cemetery belongs to Iron Age I (1550-1250BC) have also been discovered,
announcing this news, Ali told CHN: More than 4 graves have been
discovered in this cemetery which in all of them earthen vessels in
red or grey have been found intact.
He further added: Although this site has been cultivated by farmers,
bronze relics including a dagger was unearthed intact.
Based on his remarks noticeable burial rites belonging to 3500 and 6000
years ago have been discovered behind Gelabar Dam.
Along with this site, archeological excavations on Parthian- Islamic
fortress behind Gelabar Dam still is underway and parts of its architectural
structures have been revealed, Ali said.
Gelabar Dam which has been established on a river with the same name
was inundated recently without getting the approval of Iran Cultural
Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO).
Marriage Certificate Discovered in Zanjan
May 23, 2007
A marriage certificate dating back to Qajar dynastic era has been discovered
in Zanjan province and submitted to Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism
Organization (ICHTO). This historical marriage certificate was discovered
accidentally by the local people of Zanjan.
valuable 117-year-old marriage certificate belonging to late reign of
Nasir al-din Shah, Qajar king, which indicate the marriage between Mr.
Mirza Mehdi and Miss. Zarin Taj," said Shahrzad Bayat, head of
Public Relations of Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department of Zanjan
province, according CHN.
This illuminated marriage certificate which has remained completely
intact was written in Arabic manuscript on a brown paper 33 by 43 centimeters
in size in 21 lines with black ink and decorated with red ink inside
a beautiful cadre.
marriage certificate, the conditions of the marriage including Mehrieh
(the amount of money, title deed, etc) which is considered for bride
in the marriage contract has been also mentioned in detail.
to Bayat, Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department of Zanjan province
is determined to conduct a widespread research on the historical documents
and manuscripts which would reveal some invaluable information about
social, religious, and cultural life of people during ancient times.
"Epic Masterpiece of Shahnameh"
May 16, 2007
Hakim Abdul Qasim Firdawsi Tusi, more commonly known as Ferdowsi, is
one of the most revered Persian poets. He was born in 935 AD in a rich
family in Iranian Khorasan province and it is said he died in poverty
around 1020. His tomb is located in city of Toos in Khorasan Razavi
province, where every year millions of his lovers attend to pay tribute
to this great poet.
more than 30 years to compose his masterpiece of Shahnameh, which is
the most popular and influential of the Iranian national epics. Shahnameh
or the "Epic of Kings" or "Book of Kings", consists
of the translation of an even older Pahlavi (Middle Persian) work. It
is still one of the most popular books among Persians after more than
one thousand year. In Shahnameh the pre-Islamic history of old Persia
before the Arab conquest of the region has been described through classic
tales which starts from 7000 years ago by telling the story of old Persian
Kings, the mystical and historical past of Iran up until the Arabs invasion
of Iran in the 7th century.
An important factor about this book is that during the period that Arabic
language was known as the main language of science and literature, Ferdowsi
used only Persian in his masterpiece. This ample work, regarded by Persian
speakers as a literary masterpiece, also reflects Iran's history, its
cultural values, its ancient religion (Zoroastrianism), and its profound
sense of nationhood. As Ferdowsi himself says "Persian language
is revived by this work". Ferdowsi completed the Shahnameh at the
time when Iran's national independence had been compromised. While there
are memorable heroes and heroines of the classical type of this work
which in fact the real, ongoing hero is Iran itself.
is a very popular book not only among Iranians but also all Persian
speakers in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, parts of Central Asia, Pakistan,
India and even some parts of China. Shahnameh is also important to the
remaining 200,000 Zoroastrians in the world, because it traces the beginning
of Zoroastrianism to the defeat of the last Sassanian Zoroastrian king
by barbaric invasion of Arabs and start of Islamic infamy in Iran which
resulted slaugther of Zoroastrians.
even goes far beyond the above mentioned countries and its popularity
is not just limited to Persian speakers. It has been translated to different
languages so far including Russian and English. According to Washington
Post, the new translation of Shahnameh by Dick Davis had been greatly
welcomed by the readers of fiction stories in the United States. Dick
Davis is the greatest modern translator of Persian poetry, who has turned
the finest stories of Ferdowsi's original into an elegant combination
of prose and verse for the first time in English language in the most
complete form which give the chance to readers to enjoy Shahnameh in
the same way that Iranian storytellers have conveyed it in Persian for
the past thousand year. Considering that Shahnameh sweet stories are
not just appropriate for adults, some pieces of Shahnameh stories have
been also translated in simple language for children.
the masterpiece of Shahnameh, Ferdowsi is not dead, he is alive is heart
of all Persian lovers who every year pay tribute to this great poem
on his commemoration day.
on May 15, a special ceremony was held in Ferdowsi Square in Tehran
in commemoration of this everlasting Persian poet with presence of his
lovers and artists from Khuzestan, Chahar Mahal Bakhtiari, Fars, and
Lorestan province who came to pay their tribute to this great poet by
performing some traditional and cultural traditions such as citing verses
of Shahname, narrating Shahnameh tales, playing drums, etc. The commemoration
day of this great poet was also celebrated in the tomb of this great
poet in city of Toos with attendance of president of Iran's Cultural
Heritage and Tourism Organization.
is best trustee for Sixth Salt Man: expert
Archaeological Research Center of Iran (ARCI) Director Mohammad-Hassan
Fazeli Nashli is opposed to the idea of unearthing the salt man
recently discovered in the Chehrabad Salt Mine due to the dearth of
equipment necessary for protection of the remains.
for some rescue excavations, a question is the main reason for an archaeological
excavation. Otherwise, the earth is the best trustee for ancient artifacts
because there is no guarantee for their proper protection, he
told the Persian service of CHN on Sunday.
salt man was discovered by chance when the remains were partially uncovered
by a rivulet created by rainfall in early June. It is the sixth salt
man to be discovered in the Chehrabad Salt Mine, which is located in
the Hamzehlu region near Zanjan.
far, five salt men have been unearthed from the mine, but there are
still many serious problems in regard to their preservation, he
five salt men can still provide much information for researchers, he
said in response to those who are calling for the Sixth Salt Man to
be unearthed for study.
is still a novice in protection of artifacts. Thus, when there is no
critical question, it is better if we let the artifact remain in the
earth, which is the best trustee, he observed.
the rivulet has been blocked and the Sixth Salt Man has been covered
believe that the Sixth Salt Man lived about 1800 years ago.
on the Fourth Salt Man indicate that the body is 2000 years old and
he was 15 or 16 years old at the time of death.
is still not clear when the other salt men lived, but archaeologists
estimate that the First Salt Man lived about 1700 years ago and died
sometime between the age of 35 and 40. He is currently on display in
a glass case at the National Museum of Iran in Tehran.
hold benefit exhibit for cancer patients
The second benefit exhibition of visual arts for the assistance of cancer
patients opened on June 9 at the Niavaran Cultural Center.
of the exhibit, Taha Behbahani said that 150 works by 130 artists have
been put on display.
works are on sale at 50% discount and proceeds will be donated to a
charity for cancer victims thus giving purchasers the chance to buy
artworks at a lower price and at the same time show compassion for the
patients, Behbahani added.
by prominent artists including Iran Darrudi, Mohammad Ehsaii, Gizella
Sinaii, Habibollah Sadeqi, Bahram Dabiri, Hamid Ajami, Hossein Mahjubi,
and Shahla Homayuni are being exhibited.
Behnam Deheshpur Charity Foundation, the Niavaran Cultural Center, Tehrans
Museum of Contemporary Art, and the Visual Art Department of the Ministry
of Culture and Islamic Guidance are among the sponsors of the event.
exhibit will continue until June 16 at the main gallery of the center
which is located on Pasdaran Ave.
Persian Gulf Organization Launched in Tehran
Persian Gulf Concurrent with Persian Gulf National Day, the nongovernmental
organization of Persian Gulf has announced its establishment.
Tehran, 30 April 2007 (CHN Foreign Desk) 30th of April has been
announced as Persian Gulf Day. This strategic body of water has experienced
many challenges over time especially during the past few years for preserving
its cultural and historical identity.
A few years ago, decision of National Geographic for using both the
primary name of Persian Gulf and an alternative secondary name of Arabian
Gulf for the body of water situated between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula
in its eighth edition Atlas of the world released in 2004, evoked the
emotions of million Iranians both inside and outside the country who
largely expressed their objection to this decision and defended their
cultural heritage through many efforts made by NGOs, cultural heritage
experts, and Iranian government, who firmly asked National Geography
to move the alternative name. Following that National Geographic announced:
National Geographic will insert additional clarifying language
on the map plates relating to the Persian Gulf in subsequent printings
of the Atlas, and will add such notations to its on-line maps.
Once again, omission of the world Persian in the Louvres
newly printed guide and substitute it with the false name of Arabian
Gulf, which took place in December 2006 raised the anger of Iranians
all over the world. What comes as a surprise here is that since its
establishment in 1793, Louvre Museums well renowned reputation
has been built upon adhering to the basic principles of conserving and
protecting all national and international treasures and disseminating
accurate and unbiased historical facts to the public.
However, the issue was swiftly followed by Tehrans official objection
including Irans Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization which
led into correcting the distorted name of the Persian Gulf on the maps
and signs by the museum at its sections of Islamic art and Near Eastern
antiquities last week. The issue is considered a prominent victory for
reviving the historical glory of Persian Gulf which brought a great
satisfaction for million Iranians just a few days before Persian Gulf
National Day in Iran.
The distortion of the Persian Gulfs name in the Louvres
catalogue is not something new. It has taken place due to Arabs
economic influence over the museum during the 1990s, said Mohammad
Reza Kargar, director of Irans National Museum to CHN.
Situated in the Middle East, Persian Gulf is an extension of the Gulf
of Oman located between Iran (former Persia) and the Arabian Peninsula.
Iran, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar on a peninsula off the
Saudi coast, Bahrain on an island, and Kuwait and Iraq in the northwest
are the countries who share the coastline of the Persian Gulf.
Based on historical documents and maps Persian Gulf was always known
by this name in the course of history. Historical name of Persian Gulf
was first coined over two millennia ago by the ancient Greeks as Sinus
Persicus as recorded by renowned Greek historians, geographers and then
by the Romans as Mare Persicum. The Persian Gulf has been legally recognized
as such in the international arena ever since.
On many occasions, the United Nations has announced that only Persian
Gulf should be used as the official and standard geographical
designation for the body of water. The United Nations Secretariat has
issued two editorial directives in 1994 and 1999 in which the Organization
has affirmed its position on the matter.
In an attempt to preserve the everlasting name of Persian Gulf against
possible threats and promote coordination among Persian cultural heritage
enthusiasts, the nongovernmental organization of Persian Gulf has been
launched since 28th of April. The website address of the organization
will be announced in a near future. Currently, for further information
people can email: firstname.lastname@example.org and Persian.email@example.com.
Bijan Asadi, Bahram Amir Ahmadian, Alireza Zargar, Mohammad Reza Sahab,
Sadegh Samiei, Alibaba Asghari, Farhad Fakhari Tehrani, Mohammad Hassan
Ganji, and Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh are the members of the founder board
of Persian Gulf Organization.
On occasion of Persian Gulf National Day, a photo exhibition has been
also held in Saba cultural-art gallery in Tehran with participation
of 112 photographers. In this exhibition the marine pictures of 7 coastal
Iranian provinces including Khuzestan, Sistan va Baluchistan, Boushehr,
Golestan, Gilan, Mazandaran, and Hormozgan will be displayed for visitors.